How to play abandonware games : complete walkthrough - My Abandonware

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How to play abandonware games

New to abandonware? Start with this guide to play DOS games on Windows 7 or 8, or on your Mac. Most games works fine with fine tunning, but some are very hard to install properly.

Why is this not working?

Most abandonware games on PC were created for the MS-DOS operating system. Today's computers no longer offer the same environment for the programs. Hopefully, some people were unhappy with that and created free software to mimic the old computers operating system!

What program should I use?

Depending of you operating system, you have different options.

For every operating system

DOSBox is the master DOS emulator, it works with almost every OS, and will be enough for a quick play of most games. Check the DOSBox website for more information

You may use another program for many point and click games, ScummVM. You should check their compatibility page and search for the game you wish to play

DOSBox has many frontend programs (complete list here) that give you a more appealing interface. DGBL is one of them, and it runs on Windows, Mac and Linux

Windows (XP, Vista, Seven, 8)

Most people are using Microsoft's Windows and an easy solution is available : D-fend Reloaded. With a graphical interface, a lot of things are done for you behind the scene

Mac OS X

Boxer is clearly the best DOSBox frontend on Mac, I use it everyday.


On Linux, you should use one of the cross-platform frontends like DGBL. Check the complete list on the DOSBox wiki

I need help this is not working!

Please note we do not provide support for playing abandonware games. We strongly suggest you to ask for help on dedicated forums, like Abandonia or Vogons. You may also use the DosBox subreddit.

DOSBox setup

You should carefully read the DOSBox Wiki for a good walkthrough. Mac OS X users should pay attention to those instructions, although I recommend using Boxer.

D-Fend Reloaded Setup

As a start, download the latest setup of D-Fend.

Once installed, you shall follow the following steps (click on the pictures for full size). Screenshots taken in Windows 8.1, may 2014.

Step 1

DFend screen 1

Starting with a fresh D-Fend install, you should see this screen after launching the program. You can already launch DOSDox DOS to bring an operational MS-DOS system. Guess you want to play a GAME, so not much to do here.

Step 2

DFend screen 2

First, unzip the downloaded game somewhere. Then click on Extras > Open game folder... This is where you will put the game files.

Step 3

DFend screen 3

The game folder is the virtual drive used by the default D-Fend setup. For this tutorial, I unzipped the Sid Meier's Civilization in the Downloads folder, then moved the game folder to the VirtualHD of D-Fend. The name of the folder itself is not important, but you should avoid spaces or special characters.

Step 4

DFend screen 4

Now that the game files are on the virtual drive, we must add the game to D-Fend. Click on Add > Add manually... > Add DOSBox Profile. A new window will appear, as shown on the screenshot, the "Profile editor". We must set the program file by clicking on the folder icon at the right end of "Program file".

Step 5

DFend screen 5

The explorer will show you the contents of the virtual drive. Navigate through the game folder until you see program files. Some game only have one file listed here, Civilization has several, usually the right file to select is named after the game. This time, it's "CIV", select the file and click Open.

Step 6

DFend screen 6

Coming back to the Profile editor, we can see the executable file in the Program file field. The last thing to do is setting the name of the game in the Profile name field. Once this is done, click on Ok. The game appears in the list, double click to run it and have fun!

D-Fend Reloaded Wizard

You may also use the game wizard in D-Fend Reloaded, it's simpler to add a game.

Step 1

DFend Wizard screen 1

After downloading and unzipping the game files somewhere, launch D-Fend, click Add > Add with wizard... A (wild) window appears, "Create new profile", Emulation type should be set to DOSBox. Click on Next.

Step 2

DFend Wizard screen 2

Clic on the folder on the right side on the "Program to be starded". Navigate in your folders to the game folder and find the proper executable file (see Step 5 in the other tutorial). Click on Open.

Step 3

DFend Wizard screen 3

D-Fend will auto detect the game sometimes, you may also select one in the list as shown on the screenshot. By clicking Next, you get some additional information on the game, anyway you can click Ok, the game will listed in the main windows and ready to be played!

Additional steps and troubleshooting

Amongst different problems we have run into, here are some additional tips.

Games running too fast or too slow

Many old games were made to run as fast as the computer could get, those may be too fast with DOSBox default CPU cycles. You have to reduce the CPU cycles with CTRL-F11 in DOSBox. Other frontend programs may use different shortcuts.

On the opposite, the default CPU cycles may be too low for "recent" DOS games, you will have to rise the CPU cycles with CTRL-F12 in Dosbox. Other frontend programs may use different shortcuts. You can also skip frames in DOSBox to get better performances, use CTRL-F8 to increase the number of frames skipped. You can read more about performances in DOSBox on the official wiki.

Game setup

You all remember the setup.exe for having sound, better graphics or even mouse support. You should add the setup program to the Setup section below the Program section and launch it before playing the game.

DOSBox can emulate several sound cards, check out the wiki about sound setup.

Virtual Drive

Some games require you to emulate a floppy drive and have the game content mounted in it. To add this floppy drive, edit the game profile, click on Drives and add a new drive. You may use a folder or a real floppy image (.img) for the floppy content. Same goes for CD games.

PC-Booter games

We have some PC-Booter games, theses games have to be booted to work. DOSBox can handle this fine, but these steps are not so clear.

Chuck Cartia gave us a nice walkthrough, using SpitFire Ace as an example:

1 - Create a folder to put your .img files in, for this example, on the C:\ drive make a folder named DriveImg.

2 - Now put the file spitfire.img in this folder. Add a line to the dosbox.conf file in the [autoexec] section:
boot c:\DriveImg\spitfire.img -l a
That's dash ell (for letter) and the drive letter you want to assign.

3 - Make sure you have any other references to this drive letter remmed out with the # like this:
#mount a a:\ -t floppy
#mount a s:\install.

4 - That's it... Save the dosbx.conf file and when you start DOSBOX, the game should boot and start automatically just like the good old days when you shoved the disk in and turned on the (Atari) computer.

After reading this, the explanation in the DOSBOX readme.txt file should make sense and you can figure out how to add more drives for multiple disk games.

Note: You don't need to use the IMGMOUNT command when you use the BOOT command. Don't forget to rem out the boot line and unrem your other line(s) when you want to use DOSBOX normally.

Memory Problems

Some games have memory problems at startup, like error message telling you "Not enough memory". You should try several combinations of options in the "Memory" part of the profile, enabling loadfix first.

For additional help, you should ask your questions over the Vogons forums or the DosBox subreddit.

Windows 3.1 Games

Some games were made for Windows 3.1 instead of DOS, you will have to install Windows 3.1 in DOSBox. Follow these tutorial to get it running : Vogons, Sierra Help or this blog post.

Windows 95 Games

As we continue to release more and more recent games on My Abandonware, some games we publish were made for Windows 95. Many of these won't run on recent Windows versions, but you can install Win 95 in DOSBox. The procedure is a bit complicated, hopefully dada_ and some folks over Vogons and #dosbox@freenode set up a guide to do this, check it out in the Google doc.

Windows 98 Games

Some of the earlier abandonware games were made for Windows 98. You can still get Win 98 working on your computer using VirtualBox. You will find a guide to the installation here, then a second guide to setup properly Windows. You should read BOTH of them before installing Windows 98.

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